Phosphorus

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Dating of Sediments using Lead-210

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Using the CFCS Pb model. and then a few drops of conc. 2) so a linear age-depth model based on the Pb data was appropriate. Maximum Cs activities were and 97 Bq kg-1 at and correspond to the Chernobyl peak from and the nuclear weapons testing Cs maximum in .

Under some environmental conditions, the Under some environmental conditions, these develop into Harmful Algal Blooms HABs and present an environmental hazard and a health risk for humans and wildlife due to toxin production. While monitoring programs track the development of contemporary HABs, data are lacking for historical blooms.

We use sedimentary algal pigments to identify the occurrence of Karenia Brevis Florida Red Tide in sediment cores collected from mangrove environments along the west coast of Florida. Karenia Brevis has a unique pigment, gyroxanthin-diester, that is routinely used to identify red tide in the water column. Gyroxanthin-diester and other carotenoid pigments associated with red tide taxa are analyzed using HPLC techniques. Identification of gyroxanthan-diester is based on comparison with HPLC analysis of gyroxanthin standard, a monoculture sample of K.

Brevis and with published spectra of Gyroxanthin-diester in water samples. We track the timing of the K. Brevis using Pb dating models which allows an examination over the last years.

Study Area Nhecolndia Region The Brazilian Pantanal

A modified sequential extraction method for different P forms, as determined by Ruttenberg Anthropogenic nutrient loading over the past century animal waste disposal and septic system leakage is the main cause of the problems. Our core penetrated the BP Mt.

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Currently, there are no reliable methods to resolve PMI, the determination of which relies almost exclusively on the experience of the investigating expert. Here we measured 90 Sr and Pb Po incorporated into bones through a biogenic process as indicators of the time elapsed since death. We hypothesised that the activity of radionuclides incorporated into trabecular bone will more accurately match the activity in the environment and the food chain at the time of death than the activity in cortical bone because of a higher remodelling rate.

We found that determining 90 Sr can yield reliable PMI estimates as long as a calibration curve exists for 90 Sr covering the studied area and the last 50 years. We also found that adding the activity of Po, a proxy for naturally occurring Pb incorporated through ingestion, to the 90 Sr dating increases the reliability of the PMI value. Our results also show that trabecular bone is subject to both 90 Sr and Po diagenesis.

Accordingly, we used a solubility profile method to determine the biogenic radionuclide only, and we are proposing a new method of bone decontamination to be used prior to 90 Sr and Pb dating.

Modern tidal rhythmites deposited in a deep-water estuary

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In the Southwest Indian Ridge, Th/U dating has only been used on sulfides from Mt. Jourdanne hydrothermal field. The evolution history of Mt. Jourdanne has been reconstructed and the hydrothermal activities has been indicated (Mu¨nch et al. ).

Data evaluators, scanning the literature, are faced with bad documentation, lack of traceability, incomplete uncertainty budgets and discrepant results. Poor control of uncertainties has its implications for the end-user community, varying from limitations to the accuracy and reliability of nuclear-based analytical techniques to the fundamental question whether half-lives are invariable or not.

This paper addresses some issues from the viewpoints of the user community and of the decay data provider. It addresses the propagation of the uncertainty of the half-life in activity measurements and discusses different types of half-life measurements, typical parameters influencing their uncertainty, a tool to propagate the uncertainties and suggestions for a more complete reporting style. Problems and solutions are illustrated with striking examples from literature. Export citation and abstract Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.

Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author s and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Introduction The exponential decay of radionuclides as a function of time is a cornerstone of nuclear physics and radionuclide metrology.

Uranium-238

Dredging, propeller scars, and changes in freshwater input have altered parts of Biscayne Bay. The main freshwater input to Biscayne Bay is through the canal system, but many scientists believe subsurface springs in the Bay bring in groundwater from the mainland. Study of modern sediments and core sediments from Biscayne Bay will provide important information on past salinity and seagrass coverage, which will be useful for predicting future change within the Bay.

Methods Modern grab samples and water quality data temperature, salinity, water clarity, etc. Seven piston cores have been collected within the past 2 years. Both the modern samples and one half of each core sample are washed through a sieve stack and examined for mollusks, forams, and ostracodes.

Analyses of cores has included, style of stratification, degree and type of burrowing, constituent composition and texture, visual erosion or discontinuity surfaces; x-ray and color enhanced photography of cores; radiometric dating by Pb, Cs, and excess Th; analysis for Al, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn, organic N, organic C, P; evaluation of contained pollen contained molluscs, foraminifera, arenaceous .

Currently, there are no reliable methods to resolve PMI, the determination of which relies almost exclusively on the experience of the investigating expert. Here we measured 90Sr and Pb Po incorporated into bones through a biogenic process as indicators of the time elapsed since death. We hypothesised that the activity of radionuclides incorporated into trabecular bone will more accurately match the activity in the environment and the food chain at the time of death than the activity in cortical bone because of a higher remodelling rate.

We found that determining 90Sr can yield reliable PMI estimates as long as a calibration curve exists for 90Sr covering the studied area and the last 50 years. We also found that adding the activity of Po, a proxy for naturally occurring Pb incorporated through ingestion, to the 90Sr dating increases the reliability of the PMI value. Our results also show that trabecular bone is subject to both 90Sr and Po diagenesis.

Accordingly, we used a solubility profile method to determine the biogenic radionuclide only, and we are proposing a new method of bone decontamination to be used prior to 90Sr and Pb dating. Previous article in issue.

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Page 40 Share Cite Suggested Citation: The National Academies Press. Radionuclides in Air 22 A. Air Quality Assessment 22 B. Atmospheric Dispersion and Removal Processes 23 C.

Chilika lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1, km 2.

Percent of total P in each depth interval. Two samples A and B were ran as duplicates. Lake Louise Sequential extraction This sequential extraction method is used to extract various forms of P e. A time line of the anthropogenic history around WaughopLake beginning 13, BP until present. Area map showing a region of the Tacoma peninsula. The orange circle locates Waughop Lake Googlemaps.

Why Choose Beta Analytic for Radiocarbon Dating

History Roughly 50 years ago, a small group of scientists from Belgium and the USA, trying to better constrain ice sheet accumulation rates, attempted to apply what was then known about environ- mental lead as a potential geochronometer. Shortly thereafter, Koide et al. Serendipitously, they chose to work in a deep basin off California, where an independent and robust age model had already been developed. Thus, the powerful tool for dating recent up to about one century old sediment deposits was established and soon widely adopted.

Today almost all oceanographic or limnologic studies that address recent depositional reconstructions employ Pb as one of several possible geochronometers Andrews et al. This entry presents a short overview of the principles of Pb dating and provides a few examples that illustrate the utility of this tracer in contrasting depositional systems.

UCRL-JC Rev. 1 Preprint Pb Dating of Sediments from the Central and Northern Adriatic Sea: Deposition and Preservation of Sedimentary Organic Carbon T.F. Hamilton Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

These underwater ecosystems offer fascinating opportunities for scientific exploration. Figure 1 For example, inexplicably large amounts of carbon-rich sediments occur beneath the sinkholes as revealed by sub-bottom acoustic studies Figure 2. The burning question is where does it all come from? Figure 2 Tracing carbon flow through food webs to understand the workings of ecosystems is a fundamental goal of ecology. On a planetary scale, following carbon helps us figure out the role of biology in regulating the carbon cycle including the uptake of CO2 produced by anthropogenic activity.

The study set out to find out whether the source of sedimentary carbon was the lakes plankton or the benthic cyanobacteria. Our favorite hypothesis was that successive benthic cyanobacterial mats Figure 1 were getting buried under the sediments Figure 2. The alternate hypothesis was that plankton production in the overlying water column settles down and gradually accumulates in the sediments.

In order to answer this question, we deployed a sediment trap in the water column to catch settling phytoplankton, diver-sampled benthic cyanobacterial mats and used naturally found stable non-radioactive isotopes of carbon ratios of 13C and 12C found in both plankton and benthic biomass in distinctive ratios to track down the flow of carbon into sedimentary carbon Figure 3. Measurements of carbon isotope ratios in the mass spectrometer showed that plankton growing in lake water have distinctively more of the heavier isotope Two lines of evidence suggest that carbon in sinkhole sediment originates from water-column phytoplankton rather than benthic cyanobacteria.

University of Tasmania, Australia

Study Type Database Topics [Anonymous]. Quantifying the pH ‘vital effect’ in the temperate zooxanthellate coral Cladocora caespitosa: Validation of the boron seawater pH proxy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Neutrino Working Group Kevin T. Lesko – q12 Neutrino Mixing – Next Generation Solar Neutrino Experiments – National Underground Scientific Laboratory.

Ocean Abstracts – thru Hint: Mysterious mounds of southern Hood Canal: These mounds are large bathymetric features in a basin that for the most part lacks such features and their origins have yet to be determined. Three possible mechanisms for their formations are being considered. These mechanisms are spoil deposits, landslide deposits, and glacial debris. Bathymetric and sub-bottom profiles will be gathered of the two mounds.

These data will be used to search for any exposed or buried landslide features around the mounds. A total of 12 grab samples will be taken over and around the mounds along the sub-bottom profile tracks for an analysis of the spatial distribution of grain sizes on the horizontal plain.

☢ Lead – #2 Radioactive Series ☢